Roll Call: Breaking the Cycles of Addiction and Recidivism | Commentary
By Senator Rob Portman and Sheldon Whitehouse
April 29, 2014
Some issues transcend political divisions.
How best to prevent drug addiction before it starts and provide treatment to those who want to turn their lives around is one of those issues. Over the last few decades, we’ve learned a lot about what works—and what doesn’t—when it comes to preventing and treating drug abuse. And while we’ve made some significant strides in our fight against addiction, we can do even better.
One thing we have learned is that the problem of addiction is intimately tied to the problem of high recidivism rates in our criminal justice system where many end up back in prison soon after being released. In fact, as many as 85 percent of people who go through the criminal justice system struggle with drugs and alcohol, and over half meet the medical criteria for substance abuse or addiction. That adds to both prison populations and rates of recidivism. Until we help them break their addiction, reforming their lives and becoming productive members of society will be almost impossible. That means more fathers and mothers who are not in their kids’ lives, more broken families, and because families are the heart of any community, more broken communities as well.
Because addiction and recidivism are so intimately connected, we should address these problems together. In an effort to do just that, this week we are bringing together community leaders, treatment professionals, and experts in criminal justice for an in-depth forum on drug addiction and recidivism.
Many of the groups attending the forum already shared their expertise and experience with us as we crafted legislation to reform the federal prison system—the Recidivism Reduction and Public Safety Act. Our bill applies policies that have worked to reduce recidivism in many states to the federal prison system. We worked to combine our bill with other federal prison reforms proposed by Senator John Cornyn of Texas, and our package was approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee last month. The time is right for Congress to enact these policies for federal inmates.
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